Davul is a commonly used percussion instrument in the Turkish and Balkan folk music. Davul goes hand in hand with another instrument in Turkish culture, zurna. These two accompany and complete each other at weddings and other festive events.
Davul is a cylinder shaped, double headed percussion instrument. Is supported by the strings around the body and is played with suspensions on the shoulder. Player uses one stick and one wooden mallet to play the instrument. The mallet (tokmak) produces a deep and loud bass sound which is called “düm” and the stick produces a high-pitched sound which is called “tek”.
Davul has two fundamental parts; the first one is the cylindrical shell which is open at both ends, and the second part is the skin stretched over the both ends of the shell. Diameter of a standard Davul is 55-60 cm. Skin can be made of fiber/synthetic, sheep, cow or goat skin. After the skin stretching process is done, the skin is supported by the zig zag strings. The tone of the drum can be adjusted by releasing or tightening these strings. Also there are tunable versions of Davul having an exterior tuning part.
The best material for the body is walnut or cherry and the mallet can be made of apricot, orange or oak trees.